Pakistan’s first security policy puts focus on India, underlines terror

UNVEILING WHAT it calls its “first-ever” National Security Policy (NSP), the Pakistan Army-backed govt of Prime Minister Imran Khan has said that the “employment of terrorism has become a preferred policy choice for hostile actors”.

In remarks that echo India’s place at the factor, the record states: “The most acute form of efforts to undermine stability and national harmony of a society is terrorism.”

However, in a declare that has many times been contested via India, which blames Pakistan for exporting terror around the border, the NSP states: “Pakistan pursues a policy of zero tolerance for any groups involved in terrorist activities on its soil.”

The record states: “The employment of terrorism has become a preferred policy choice for hostile actors in addition to soft intrusion through various non-kinetic means. Terrorism is also being used to disrupt and delay development initiatives.”

India is discussed a minimum of 16 occasions, greater than another country, within the 62-page NSP for 2022-2026 with Jammu and Kashmir on the “core”. “A just and peaceful resolution of the Jammu and Kashmir dispute remains at the core of our bilateral relationship,” the NSP states.

Pakistan National Security Adviser Moeed Yusuf, a former analyst at a US-based suppose tank, has helmed the preparation of the record, which can be reviewed annually in addition to each time a brand new govt is shaped.

The coverage, which is alleged to had been ready after seven years of “strategic thought”, was once followed in December remaining week, with a shorter public model launched on Friday.

On bilateral ties, the NSP says that Pakistan, below its “policy of peace” at house and out of the country, “wishes to improve its relationship with India”.

But it flags problems that it has up to now underscored: “The rise of Hindutva-driven politics in India is deeply concerning and impacts Pakistan’s immediate security. The political exploitation of a policy of belligerence towards Pakistan by India’s leadership has led to the threat of military adventurism and non-contact warfare to our immediate east.”


A window to Pak

Pakistan’s first-ever National Security Policy supplies a window to the considering inside its civilian-military established order. Framed on anticipated traces, it identifies India as a key pre-occupation. Beijing, in the meantime, is obviously the strategic spouse of selection.

Accusing India of “hegemonic designs”, the NSP states that “towards the immediate east” bilateral ties have additionally “been stymied as a consequence of the unresolved Kashmir dispute”. And opposite to Delhi’s assertions, the record blames India for “ceasefire violations” alongside the LoC.

There is a separate phase on J&Ok, which reiterates the rustic’s place: “Pakistan remains steadfast in its moral, diplomatic, political, and legal support to the people of Kashmir until they achieve their right to self-determination guaranteed by the international community as per United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolutions.”

From India’s point of view, the record has a bit on “terrorism”, “extremism” and “sectarianism” in a bankruptcy on “Internal Security”.

At a time when Pakistan is still at the “grey list” of the worldwide Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the NSP lists a number of priorities “for continued improvement in our internal security environment”.

They come with: “strengthening police forces and associated counter-terrorism agencies, undertaking intelligence-based operations against all terrorist groups, preventing any use of financial sources for terrorism, addressing structural deficiencies and sense of deprivation in recruitment areas, and promoting a pluralistic anti-terror narrative”.

Underlining that “extremism and radicalisation” at the foundation of ethnicity or faith “pose a challenge to our society”, it states that the “exploitation and manipulation of ethnic, religious, and sectarian lines through violent extremist ideologies” can’t be allowed.

China occupies a reasonably smaller phase within the NSP. “Pakistan’s deep-rooted historic ties with China are driven by shared interests and mutual understanding,” it says. The record states that bilateral family members with Beijing proceed to make bigger according to “trust and strategic convergence” — one thing that Delhi is preserving a detailed watch on.

The NSP marks out the China Pakistan Economic Corridor as a “project of national importance”, which “enjoys national consensus” and is “redefining regional connectivity and providing impetus to Pakistan’s economy”.

About the USA, it states that the 2 nations proportion a “long history of bilateral cooperation”, and that “our continued cooperation…will remain critical for regional peace and stability”.

“Pakistan does not subscribe to ‘camp politics’,” it states, in an obvious connection with strained US-China ties. “Communicating Pakistan’s concerns to policy makers in Washington while seeking to broaden our partnership beyond a narrow counter-terrorism focus will be a priority,” it states.

The NSP, on the other hand, doesn’t commit a lot house to West Asia and Pakistan’s companions within the Gulf, and Turkey and Saudi Arabia have one-line mentions.

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